The chemistry behind the effects

Svea fireworks have, with the environment in mind, replaced all lead with vismut oxide in all our fireworks. The main propulsion in all fireworks is black gunpowder, pure or in a mix with other chemicals. The colors in the fireworks are created through metallic salts. Up to the beginning of 19th century the effects where solely white or gold colored, but the technique of using metallic salts created the specter of colors that makes fireworks in many facets a colorful show.


The table below shows some topics, of which developed salts are used for different characteristics in pyrotechnic products.

Norwegian name Chemic description English name Capacity
Aluminium Al Aluminium Gives rain of sparkles
Barium Ba Barium Gives green color
Kobber ca COPPER Gives blue color
Jern fe IRON Gives rain of sparkles
Magnesium mg Magnesium Gives white glow
Natrium na Sodium Gives yellow color
Strontium sr Strontium Gives red color

Examples of other topics in the pyrotechnic family are..

  • Ammoniakk / Ammonium
  • Antimon / Antimony
  • Kull / Carbon
  • Grafitt / Graphite
  • Fosfor / Phosphorus
  • Svovel / Sulphur
  • Titan / Titanium
  • Bor / Borax
  • Kalium / Potassium
  • Krom / Chromium